Who, What, When, Where, Why?

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Or…as Alan Clarke has suggested, in producing this photo for us, “Eh Tu, Peter?”

I think we recognise these two gentlemen…. Peter Saunders, Curator Emeritus, and Roman friend, who is now established on the museum lawn.

But what, when, where…? Is it part of the current museum site, stripped out and being set up? Peter was ‘at the helm’ when all that happened. Or is it part of the old museum, formerly in St Anns Street? Or is it somewhere else entirely?

Wonderful items in the background. Where are they now? A careful look to the rear right hand corner reveals something on which Sydney Carton might have traveled to the guillotine. Perhaps the monumental wheels we can see belong to that tumbril (if that is what it is!)?

I’m sure Peter will tell us!

Toys from the Cupboard

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Our Social History Volunteers, Jean and Jane, have found some Victorian toys in their cupboard. The toys have now been carefully checked, properly wrapped and catalogued. But before they disappeared back into the cupboard, we photographed them for us all to enjoy.

The label which accompanies this toy suggests it is mid-nineteenth century. It may be a little later than that, judging from the barrow boy’s bowler, perhaps 1870s. The label also states, with great confidence, that it was manufactured by Chanell’s. Your blogger is not familiar with the name, and a quick search on the internet has not helped. Was it a local manufacturer?

The barrow is also interesting. Barrows were usually open, as in ‘wheelbarrow’. As you can see, this one opens at the top, and may have been constructed like that to allow the child to place its own items inside . Or, indeed, the toy may have originally been fitted with items for sale. It seems unusual – haven’t yet been able to find a parallel. Any ideas?

This lady, driving her pigs to market, is lovely! And the toy possibly dates to about the same time as the barrow boy. The whole item was apparently pulled, or pushed, and as it moved, the pigs skittered about. Definitely Gloucester Old Spot by the way….

Vintage toys are always very emotive. They tell us much about an era, and children.

Don't Miss It – Talk on Mystery Hoard

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Our own Wil Partridge, Finds Liaison Officer for Wiltshire, will be at Wiltshire Museum, Devizes on Saturday 14 March 2.30 – 4.30pm, presenting a talk:

Recent finds of late Roman pewter from within Wiltshire

Salisbury Museum Volunteers were involved in 2019 with the cleaning and preservation work on a hoard of pewter from the county (which will be included in Wil’s talk). These hoards of pewter are a mystery – unknown in the rest of the Roman Empire, while several have been found in Wiltshire.

Wil and Volunteers cleaning the pewter
Close up of the tank in which the other items were found

2020 is a Momentous Year for Salisbury

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Volunteer Event

Collections in Focus Talk

You are warmly invited to attend the first of our programme of volunteer talks for the year, which will take place on Wednesday 5 February from 10.30am-12pm.

Emily Naish, archivist at Salisbury Cathedral, will be giving a talk entitled: ‘Why move Salisbury Cathedral? Evidence from the archives’.

2020 marks the 800th anniversary of the move of Salisbury Cathedral from Old Sarum to its present day site – or rather, as our 13th century predecessors considered, from the dry and barren hill to the rich and verdant valley. There are several surviving manuscripts in the Cathedral Archives and also at Cambridge University Library which tell us why this momentous decision was made. It is these manuscripts on which the talk will be based.

TAKE A CLOSE LOOK…an invitation from Alan Clarke

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What is this man doing? Read on…

The two Alans are back – Volunteers Alan Clarke and Crooks – with gems for the new year. First Alan Clarke, with two photographs from our archives…

The museum has just been donated roughly a thousand glass plate negatives, some dating back to around 1875.  They are of various sizes up to bigger than A4.  The subject matter is vast but includes many local scenes such as ones of Stonehenge, New Forest and surroundings.  

According to some of the images, around the turn of the century (1900) there were a number of local baking competitions for who could make the best bread. Photographs were taken of all the competitors’ bread and their slices!  

There is little textual information with any of the 1000 plates.  Hence one is left to finding people who might recognise the images.  The rest of this blog deals with just one such image – Image A.  The quality of the original image allows a zoomed in image to be made – Image B. 

Swanage image A
Swanage image B

Below are the comments of various volunteers who have inspected the image in great detail:

This is an image of Swanage Pier, the Wellington Tower in the background was re-sited here in 1867-ish.

The square tall house behind to the right is The Grove, which, by 1907 was the Grosvenor Hotel.  It still appears like a private house in this image, which may suggest a turn of the century date.

The railway wagons are sitting on the pier having been unloaded from a coal-boat.  It is almost certainly sacks of coal, with individual lumps of coal piled up – unless you think otherwise – and is awaiting horse and carts to take it to the new coal-gas-works (for street-lighting) in Hop Pole Lane at the far end of town.  The company of Mowlem (under George Burt) is the business here in all probability.

OR

This is possibly a very early image of Swanage Pier – the first pier, a working jetty – I note the lack of cranes.

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This image must have been taken from the upper deck of the new pier, dating to it to after 1896-ish.  And the coals are not for the gas works, but almost certainly for the steamers of Cosens and Co., Weymouth, which berthed and coaled on the old pier once they had disgorged their passengers.

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It dates post-1896. The modern Swanage Pier had at last been built, the old pier (pictured) had long since not been used for exporting stone, its purported purpose, and had been used primarily for the previous decade or so for the quickly increasing trade in people on steamers.  Not a good environment for passengers to disembark! 

Now, with the new parade pier built for passengers, the old pier was used for berthing the paddle steamers overnight during the April-Oct season.  Cosens of Weymouth generally kept two and sometimes three steamers here on station during the season between the 1890s and 1930s.  The pier was secure out of hours, and ideal to keep coal on.  I think these trucks have a bed of sacks of coal, with larger lumps piled centrally above.  The steamers would be coaled in the evening – there was some friction with Swanage Council at one point when the council tried to lessen the amount of fresh water the steamers could take on.  The tramway was mostly unused at this stage, it extended off the pier to a warehouse just along the promenade, but no further, so it could not be used for real transportation.

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Ball clay looks like lumps of coal. See Image-C where men are cutting out the ball clay and piling it on a railway truck.

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The clay industry was based out at Norden and beyond Corfe, and after 1885 the Swanage Railway would have provided them the obvious modern alternative to boats, so I don’t see these trucks as holding clay.  It might be that Cosens held a stock of coals here for sale as well, although the Swanage Railway also had a coal yard providing coal for sale.

I have captured all the above information in the jpeg images metadata because I don’t know what the truth is!  Lots of scope here for the real enthusiast to delve into. Do you the blog reader, have any more information?  Original high definition image available upon request…

TUDOR CHRISTMAS – LORD OF MISRULE by Volunteer Alan Crooks

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The Lord of Misrule

In connection with Salisbury Museum’s ‘Tudor Christmas’ activities I was intrigued, while watching ‘A Merry Tudor Christmas with Lucy Worsley’, on BBC2 TV, to note that they described the role of the ‘Lord of Misrule’. Also known as the Lord of the Revels, the Lord of Misrule was the ringleader of all the mayhem and revelry that constituted an enactment of the ‘12 Days of Christmas’ in court and in aristocratic households around the country, this being a high point of Tudor entertainment. Often the Lord of Misrule was appointed from among the courtiers but may also have been one of the servants as, during the festivities, the strict hierarchy of Tudor England was briefly turned upside down.

Regular readers of this blog site will be aware that I believe the astrological physician, Simon Forman, is a valid candidate to be the alchemist of St Thomas Church, mainly because he wrote in his Diary for 1584 that “The first of August I toke the house in St. Thomas Churchyerd, and entered there to dwell ther the 7. of September”.  I was intrigued by Worsley’s description of the Lord of Misrule because Forman wrote in his Diary for December 1583 that, “This Christmas I was made lord of the revells…”. At first I was somewhat bewildered by this as the Master of the Revels headed the Revels Office – the department of the Royal Household responsible for the coordination of theatrical entertainment at court from Tudor times until the Licensing Act of 1737. The Master of the Revels between 1579 and 1610 was Sir Edmund Tilney and I could find no record of Simon Forman ever holding this position. However, as Dr Worsley explained in her programme, the Lord of Misrule was not just a ‘court thing’, there are records of Lords of Misrule from aristocratic houses in towns and villages around the country. In this context, Simon Forman was employed as schoolmaster to the children of John Penruddock MP1 from October 1582 to about Michelmas (September) 1584, and so it is probable that Forman was Lord of Misrule in this household.

In the TV programme, Lucy Worsley explained that the ‘Lord of Misrule’ was also sometimes referred to as Lord Christmas, the Christmas Prince or the King of Christmas. This has led some historians to speculate that the Lord of Misrule was a forerunner of our present day Father Christmas. It is certainly diverting to consider the colourful character of Simon Forman, known as the notorious astrological physician of London, in such a role.

Occasionally the activities of the Lord of Misrule got out of hand and there is a record of a Lord of Misrule accidentally killing somebody in 1523!

1 John Penruddock MP (1564-1614) was a Parliamentarian with constituencies in Wilton and Southampton. He had nine children, four sons and five daughters. A number of sources state that Forman’s employer, John Penruddock, was the father of the Cavalier Colonel Penruddock of the famous 1655 Penruddock Uprising against Cromwell. This however cannot be correct as Col. Penruddock’s father was Sir John Penruddock, who was not born until 1591. In fact, Forman’s John Penruddock was the grandson of Edward Penruddock of Arklebury (1500-1541) who was the great great grandfather of Col. John Penruddock through a different line.

 John Penruddock MP had a house at Hale and two houses in Salisbury; one by the Close Gate and the other the Dolphin in New Street. It is interesting to note than in his Diary for 1582, Forman writes, “The 28th of December I toke a house in New Street

A Great Start…

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Kind words from a happy customer after a family visit to our Tudor event on 14 December:

“Hello

Saturday’s display was absolutely fabulous: we twice saw the Martial Arts display . We chatted with the three members coming from Wales and all three of them were very very knowledgeable and keen to share.

Having colouring/easy craft activities around the room was fab as one of my children was busy elsewhere, still listening to the talk.

What a food display ! what a lovely bunch of costumes !

Music was perfect: not too loud , not too tiring and nice and joyful in the background. Even from the cathedral entrance, it sounded great.

It was great to see the reindeer again for a Christmas feeling.

Thank you for a wonderful day!”

Thank you for coming!

HAPPY NEW YEAR EVERYONE!

A Good Time Was Had…

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The Tudor Christmas festivities came, and went. And so did the crowds! Over one thousand visitors on Saturday enjoyed crafts, costumes, falcons, the table (not quite set for a King, but pretty good), martial arts, reindeer and friendly, happy company.

Thank you to the so many concerned in the preparation of it all – Owain Hughes, whose idea it all was; the sewing ladies; the pastry chefs and craftspeople; the decorators; the Albion Historical Falconry team; our friends from the Reindeer Centre,; the Salisbury Playhouse (for costumes); staff and volunteers; the Director (for letting us have real Tudor items on the table, and birds inside our beautiful King’s Room); David Davies who played the harpsichord beautifully and the man with the fife and drum, Jonathan Weekes!

And if there are any visitors reading this blog…….. Thank you for coming.

The decorations and table will remain on display until Twelfth Night, as is fitting.